Allometric equations and carbon stocks assessment for Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C.Wendl. in the bimodal rainfall forest of Cameroon


Year of Publication: 2023

Authors: R. Kaam, M. Tchamba, B. Neba, C. Chimi


Over the last two decades, bamboo has received increasing attention owing to its socio-economic and environmental importance. Environmentally, bamboo plays an important role in carbon sequestration, thus enhancing climate change mitigation. In Cameroon, knowledge about the importance of Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C.Wendl. to climate change mitigation is deficient, despite the fact that it is the most abundant bamboo species in Cameroon’s Bimodal rainforest agroecological zone (Agroecological zone 5 – AEZ5). This study was initiated to develop allometric equations and estimate carbon stocks of B. vulgaris in Cameroon’s AEZ5. The destructive, clump-based method was used for bamboo biomass data collection on 40 clumps and 86 culms.
Regression analyses were performed to obtain allometric models for B. vulgaris biomass prediction which were used for B. vulgaris carbon stocks estimation in AEZ5. The best allometric model for culms was obtained when all predictive variables including age, diameter and height were considered into the model. For clump, the best model was obtained when the number of culms per clump, girth and average diameter were considered in the model. Model quality adjustment was better for clump aboveground biomass (AGB) compared to those of culm AGB. The model of B. vulgaris of the evergreen rainfall forest was validated with a bias of 45.5 %. Bamboo above ground biomass proportions were 77 %, 15 % and 8 %, respectively for culms, branches and leaves. The mean density and carbon stocks of B. vulgaris were estimated at 2,0679 culms.ha 257 clumps.ha-1, and 61.65 tC ha-1. B. vulgaris has a veritable carbon sequestration capacity which policymakers should consider in climate change mitigation strategies like those linked to payments for ecosystem services, voluntary carbon stocks market, Bonn Challenge, AFR100 initiative, and the Paris agreement ratified by the government of Cameroon.